Environmental Change, Climate Change and Migration in Latin America
The project between
and IOM as a collaborating partner in the field aims to help Oxfam and its
stakeholders better understand and effectively address the relationship between
changing environmental and climatic conditions and human mobility in Latin
The project engaged in
in five Latin and Central American countries to gather observations on the following aspects:
Role of environmental factors in human mobility
. An overview of the major reflections from fieldwork
and interviews about the main factors affecting mobility (internal and
international migration) in each country visited. The project report will
explore the combination of environmental, social, political and other factors
that overlay to create migration pressures.
Characteristics of environmentally induced migrants
. Reflection on the characteristics (e.g. age range,
gender, occupation, wealth, perception…etc.) of people who are moving in
countries visited. The project report will analyse any trends in
characteristics of people migrating, and whether people mention if there is any
difference between people who move for economic reasons, and people who move
for environmental reasons.
Patterns of environmentally induced migration in Latin
. Summary of major patterns observed in
countries visited, by environmental and climate risk (rapid- vs. slow-onset)
and by migration pattern (rural- rural, rural-urban, internal, international).
The project report will assess whether, based on field visits, people who
migrate for environmental reasons move far away or remain in a closer
geographic proximity within their country. Additionally, the analysis will shed
light on the kinds of policies or assistance which might help
environmentally-induced migrants in particular areas.
in Latin America.
Summary of the kinds of policy options under consideration in countries visited to address environmentally-induced migration. The report will examine the relevant positions and activities that international organizations have adopted towards this issue in Latin America.
The project report will also reflect on the strategies that local and national governments have or may adopt to manage potential future migration, especially when it is induced by climatic/environmental factors.
researchers visited five countries (
Peru, Bolivia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Mexico) together with Oxfam country offices and IOM country offices. The research team
relevant government authorities, scholars and experts in capital, and local
stakeholders and communities in specific sites in the countryside. The research
semi-structured interviews, participatory methods and stakeholder focus groups. The fieldwork aims at rapid assessment of major patterns, issues, and initial policy reflections in selected Latin American countries. Discussions in selected communities during fieldwork allow local counterparts to weigh in on the role of environmental and climate change in migration decisions, as well as giving a sense of possible outcomes for environmentally induced migration in the future. The project has a particular emphasis on vulnerability and gender issues.
observations from fieldwork are reported in a stakeholder workshop held in
Mexico City (and by webconference for those participating virtually) on 10 June
A stakeholder dialogue or workshop in the
autumn or at the appropriate time may be planned to discuss the findings of the
project in Latin America and invite further perspectives from key stakeholders.