The project on Sustainable Land Management in the High Pamir and Pamir-Alai Mountains is an integrated transboundary initiative of the governments of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. It aims to address the interlinked problems of land degradation and poverty within one of Central Asia’s crucial fresh water sources and biodiversity hotspots.
The project is executed by the Committee on Environment Protection in Tajikistan and National Center for Mountain Regions Development in Kyrgyzstan with financial support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and other donors. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the GEF Implementing Agency for the project, and the United Nations University (UNU) is the International Executing Agency.
The overall goal of the project is to restore, sustain, and enhance, the productive and protective functions of the transboundary ecosystems of the High Pamir and Pamir-Alai Mountains, of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, so as to improve the social and economic well-being of the rural communities and households utilizing the region's ecosystem resources to meet their livelihood needs, while preserving its unique landscape and globally important biodiversity.
The project has two main objectives, which are defined as following:
Development Objective: To address the link between poverty, vulnerability and land degradation through the promotion of sustainable land management practices that contribute to improving the livelihoods and economic well-being of the inhabitants of the High Pamir and Pamir-Alai Mountains.
Environmental Objective: To mitigate the causes and negative impacts of land degradation on the structure and functional integrity of the ecosystems of the High Pamir and Pamir-Alai Mountains through mainstreaming sustainable land management tools and practices from household, community, local government, national and regional levels.
In view of the project goal and objectives, project activities are designed to lead to the realization of the following expected outcomes:
Outcome 1: Enhanced regional cooperation between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan creating the enabling regional strategic planning, and national legislative, policy, institutional, technical, and economic incentive, environment, for the sustainable management of the High Pamir and Pamir-Alai mountain ecosystems.
Outcome 2: Improved capacity of Tajikistan's and Kyrgyzstan's public and private sector agency research and advisory support service providers to promote sustainable land management within the High Pamir and Pamir-Alai Mountains.
Outcome 3: Reduction in rural poverty and economic vulnerability through restoration and enhancement of the productive and protective functions (ecological goods and services) of the High Pamir and Pamir-Alai mountain ecosystems.
Outcome 4: Generic guidelines developed for up-scaling and replication of the lessons learnt, from the project's experience with sustainable land management, within comparable transboundary mountain regions within Asia and elsewhere.